Since World War I Canada has had 16 “majority” Governments, ONLY 4 of those actually won a majority of the popular vote.


In the 2011 first-past-the-post federal election the Stephen Harper Conservatives through the use of fraudulent robocalls and voter suppression tactics stole a majority government and assumed full parliamentary power with only 39% of the popular vote and 54% of the seats.


Proportional representation is any voting system designed to produce a representative body (like a parliament, legislature, or council) where voters elect representatives in proportion to our votes. Canada’s Parliament and provincial legislatures all use the first-past-the-post (FPTP) voting system, where each riding has only one winner, and the candidate with the most votes wins.


With just one winner in each riding, half of Canadian voters (approximately 7,000,000) don’t actually elect anyone, and our Parliaments and legislatures don’t actually look anything like us.


In 2011, the votes of seven million Canadian voters elected no one. All voters, regardless of political affiliation, deserve to be represented by someone they voted for. Each of Canada’s regions is actually much more diverse than our voting system suggests. Candidates and parties can lose, but voters never should. In their 2011 election, 97% of New Zealand voters cast a vote that elected someone to represent them. In Canada, less than 51% of us did. 


Monday, October 19, 2015



 “In a democratic government, the right of decision belongs to the majority, but the right of representation belongs to all.”  - Ernest Naville, 1865

To determine the best model of Proportional Representation
for Canada, we call on federal parties and candidates to commit to:

  1. Conducting a citizen-led consultation process immediately following the next federal election.
  2. Implementing the model in time for the following election.

We demand the following basic democratic rights:

  • to cast an equal and effective vote and to be represented fairly in Parliament, regardless of political belief or place of residence.
  • to be governed by a fairly elected Parliament where the share of seats held by each political party closely reflects the popular vote.
  • to live under legitimate laws approved by a majority of elected Parliamentarians representing a majority of voters.

The current winner-take-all voting system is absolutely inconsistent with these fundamental democratic rights. As a result, Canada is faced with a spiralling democratic deficit. The need for reform is urgent. We need a Parliament that represents the political and social diversity of Canada.

We demand that the House of Commons immediately undertake a public consultation to amend the Canada Elections Act to incorporate these vital democratic rights. The House, after this consultation, should quickly implement a suitable form of proportional representation.

Other Democracy Issues Smart Change Is Concerned About:

  • Abuses of Power by the Prime Minister and Premiers
  • Muzzling of MPs and Muzzling of Scientists
  • Spying On Canadians - read more
  • Massive Corporate Money Funding Election Campaigns
  • Ethics and Honesty In Canadian Politics
  • The Canadian Senate Scandals
  • Fraudulent Spending By Politicians
  • Government Transparency


Help Smart Change stop dishonest, unethical, secretive, non-representative and wasteful politicians, government employees, and corporate lobbyists.


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Smart Change brings people together to resist the austerity agenda and supports efforts to build a just and ecologically sustainable society and economy.